This Week In Israel - Aug 19, 2009
 A conservative Commentary on events in israel
Reagan Looks Better All the Time

Hello Everybody,

Call me a sentimentalist if you will, but recently I got an email that had a link to a Ronald Reagan speech.

It was refreshing, to say the least. And interestingly, it was more than relevant for today. Hope you enjoy it.

Ronald Reagan (while he was still a simple citizen, before the Presidency) on Socialized Medicine!




8/19/2009 - Canada Healthcare imploding; Huck in Israel; Killing Rats

The top doc in Canada says their system is a mess. Here’s the scoop:



Overhauling health-care system tops agenda at annual meeting of Canada's doctors

By Jennifer Graham 8.17.09

SASKATOON — The incoming president of the Canadian Medical Association says this country's health-care system is sick and doctors need to develop a plan to cure it.

Dr. Anne Doig says patients are getting less than optimal care and she adds that physicians from across the country - who will gather in Saskatoon on Sunday for their annual meeting - recognize that changes must be made.

"We all agree that the system is imploding, we all agree that things are more precarious than perhaps Canadians realize," Doing said in an interview with The Canadian Press.

"We know that there must be change," she said. "We're all running flat out, we're all just trying to stay ahead of the immediate day-to-day demands."

The pitch for change at the conference is to start with a presentation from Dr. Robert Ouellet, the current president of the CMA, who has said there's a critical need to make Canada's health-care system patient-centred. He will present details from his fact-finding trip to Europe in January, where he met with health groups in England, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands and France.

His thoughts on the issue are already clear. Ouellet has been saying since his return that "a health-care revolution has passed us by," that it's possible to make wait lists disappear while maintaining universal coverage and "that competition should be welcomed, not feared."

In other words, Ouellet believes there could be a role for private health-care delivery within the public system.





If you have access to the web (and you do if you’re reading this), then you may have seen some of the “town hall” meetings that are occurring now that Congress is out among some of their constituents.

It ain’t pretty.

From shouting matches, to shoving, to outright arrogance by elected officials, it is reality TV gone nuts.

But all this stuff is not just about health care. Take for instance Senator Debbie Stabenow:



Posted by Henry Payne(The Detroit News) on Tue, Aug 11, 2009 at 12:17 AM

Sen. Debbie Stabenow, Energy Leader (National Review, 08.10.09)

Detroit, Mich. - Michigan just experienced its coldest July on record; global temperatures haven't risen in more than a decade; Great Lakes water levels have resumed their 30-year cyclical rise (contrary to a decade of media scare stories that they were drying up due to global warming), and polls show that climate change doesn't even make a list of Michigan voters' top-ten concerns.

Yet in an interview with the Detroit News Monday, Senator Debbie Stabenow (D., Mich.) - recently appointed to the Senate Energy Committee - made clear that fighting the climate crisis is her top priority.

"Climate change is very real," she confessed as she embraced cap and trade's massive tax increase on Michigan industry - at the same time claiming, against all the evidence, that it would not lead to an increase in manufacturing costs or energy prices. "Global warming creates volatility. I feel it when I'm flying. The storms are more volatile. We are paying the price in more hurricanes and tornadoes."

And there are sea monsters in Lake Michigan. I can feel them when I'm boating.




Debunking 'climate change myths'

Speakers challenge global warming during local event .
Cory de Vera

Those convinced that the earth is warming -- and that such warming is going to trigger catastrophic disasters -- have jumped on to the latest eco-scare that just isn't backed by science, said Marc Morano who runs a Web site called Climate Depot.

Morano was among the speakers Thursday at a one-day conference called "Debunking Climate Change Myths" in Springfield.

About 150 attended the conference, presented by a group called "Scientists for Truth." Attendees included high school students, local politicians and others.

On, Morano links to news stories about climate change, as well as providing his own thoughts on the issue.

In his speech, he said those who believe in global warming and its dangers also post messages -- noting the different sides of the debate may not get along.

"But at least they are fighting, they are engaging each other," he said.

While other speakers at the event presented scientific critiques, Morano offered quotes he's collected from various news sources, politicians and scientists.

In 1975, for instance, Newsweek Magazine sounded alarms over climactic change. But the difference was writers were warning of an impending ice age, he said.

In the 1980s and the 90s, the popular eco-cause became saving the Amazon Rainforests, a topic Morano made a documentary about in 2000.

But, Morano pointed out that even the New York Times reported that for every acre of rain forest being cut, 50 are growing back.

Until March, Morano worked for the U.S. Senate Environment and Public Works committee, where he wrote a dissenting report that 700 scientists signed.

He said more scientists and others who previously supported a belief in catastrophic climate change are looking at data and challenging conventional wisdom.

However, he expressed amazement that more aren't challenging statements made from supporters like Nobel Prize winning economist Thomas Schelling.

According to Morano, Schelling was quoted in The Atlantic as wishing for natural disasters: "I sometimes wish we could have over the next five or 10 years a lot of horrid things happening, you know, like tornados in the Mid west and so forth. That would get people concerned about climate change."

Morano called characterized such statement as insane.

"A man who can't convince people on the science because the science isn't there, so he's now wishing for death, destruction on people through tornados," he said.

Morano predicted that the next "eco-fears" will include a so-called oxygen crisis -- a crisis caused by a shrinking supply of oxygen on earth -- and a crisis of plastic waste.

Laure David, producer of Al Gore's film on global warming, has been trying to draw attention to the issue of plastic waste, calling it "in some ways more alarming" for humans than global warming, Morano said.

The conference was organized by Ron Boyer, who runs a consulting firm. He also sits on the Missouri Air Conservation Commission -- though the conference was not connected to the commission.

Boyer said he wanted to hold the conference because he was tired of hearing that the debate on climate change is over.

"That's not how science works. Science continues to examine," said Boyer, who has an undergraduate degree in chemistry.

Boyer said future conferences will depend on whether or not the Senate passes the Cap and Trade legislation.

"If they do pass it, the debate is over because it will be a done deal," said Boyer.

But, he said, if it doesn't pass this year there will be a chance to continue debating the science another year.

John Lilly, a medical doctor and Willard school board member, said he attended the conference because he wanted to support the scientists who are trying to debunk global warming.

"Those who support global warming do it for political reasons rather than actual scientific reasons," he said.






Israel’s military has had a rough time of it recently. Seems that the Chief of the IDF, General Gabi Ashkenazi had his credit card stolen by a security guard. Not only did he swipe it, but then he showed it to a lot of his friends. He was busted, but it did not look so good for the General either.

The Tel Aviv base Headquarters had its security tested. It was not pretty. Seems it was proven that it would have been pretty simple to smuggle a car bomb into the base. Right in the heart of Tel Aviv!

There have been two commanders busted for abuse of power, use of vehicles that was not allowed, and other things. All in all, it is time to tighten up!

That doesn’t mean that the IDF is a shabby organization by any means, but it does mean that there will be more “house cleaning” and some reorganization is already underway.



He’s got his own TV show, he picks bass guitar, duck hunts, and is considered by some as a frontrunner in the 2012 Presidential Republican race.

And now he’s getting his ticket punched by the “pro Israel” crowd. He needed to do this visit, and he’s doing it well, in our opinion.

Huckabee is taking a strong stand against Obama telling Israel where their citizens can and cannot live. (That won’t make all American Jews happy. Many are very liberal (listen or our radio broadcast this week), and are against “settlements” in the West Bank.

At any rate, Huckabee is taking Netanyahu’s side in the debate, and we are glad.

Huckabee's visit - show of support,or well-planned attack?

Aug. 17, 2009

Former Arkansas governor and US presidential hopeful Mike Huckabee kicked off his visit to Israel on Monday by telling reporters that recent American policy toward the Jewish state has been "far more harsh" than that of previous administrations. He questioned US President Barack Obama's authority to dictate where Israelis could or could not live in Israel.

"My question is how the government of the United States would feel if Prime Minister [Binyamin] Netanyahu began to dictate which people could live in the Bronx, which ones could live in Manhattan and which could live in Queens," Huckabee told reporters as he toured the City of David in east Jerusalem. (J-Post online)



I once heard the late country comedian Jerry Clower ask that question. I laughed at the story, since I have found tons of rats and mice in corn cribs myself. It points out something all country boys know well.

Now we come to the rats in Gaza. One of al-Qaeda’s radicals blew himself up and took 22 people with him. That was some of his own and some of Hamas. What was Jerry’s question again?




Hamas: Leader of Jund Ansar Allah group blew himself up

Aug. 14, 2009
Associated Press , THE JERUSALEM POST

The leader of an al-Qaida-inspired group in the Gaza Strip blew himself up during a shootout Saturday with security forces that killed 22 people and posed one of the biggest challenges to Hamas since the group seized power in Gaza two years ago.

The fighting erupted Friday when Hamas security men surrounded a mosque in the southern Gaza town of Rafah on the Egypt border where about 100 members of Jund Ansar Allah, or the Soldiers of the Companions of God, were holed up.

The head of the radical Islamic group, Abdel-Latif Moussa, was killed when fighting resumed after dawn Saturday, Ihab Ghussein, a Hamas interior ministry spokesman, told The Associated Press.

He said Moussa detonated an explosives vest he was wearing during the fighting.

"The so-called Moussa has committed suicide ... killing a mediator who had been sent to him to persuade him and his followers to hand themselves over to the government," Ghussein said.

He said the fighting ended later in the morning.

Dr. Moaiya Hassanain of the Palestinian health ministry in Gaza said a total of 22 people, including six Hamas police officers and an 11-year-old girl, were killed in the violence that also wounded 150.

The group's Web site vowed vengeance, meanwhile, saying "we swear to God to avenge the martyrs' blood and we will turn their women to widows."

Hamas also confirmed the death in the fighting of one of its high level commanders, Izzadin al-Qassam Brigades commander Abu-Jibril Shimali, who is believed to have orchestrated the kidnapping three years ago of IDF soldier Gilad Schalit.

The fighting appeared to confirm Hamas' ironclad rule in Gaza despite a punishing Israeli and Egyptian-led blockade that keeps all but basic humanitarian supplies from entering the impoverished seaside territory.

It also underscored the group's determination not to allow opponents with differing ideologies to gain a foothold in Gaza. The Gaza Strip and the West Bank are together supposed to make up a future Palestinian state, but Hamas' bloody seizure of Gaza in 2007 created rival governments in the two territories - located on opposite sides of Israel - that are complicating Palestinian efforts to gain independence.

Jund Ansar Allah claims inspiration from al-Qaida's ultraconservative brand of Islam but no direct links have been confirmed.

The confrontation was triggered when the leader of the group defied Gaza's Hamas rulers by declaring in a Friday prayer sermon that the territory was an Islamic emirate.

Jund Ansar Allah and a number of other small, shadowy radical groups seek to enforce an even stricter version of Islamic law in Gaza than that advocated by Hamas.

These groups are also upset that the Hamas regime has honored a cease-fire with Israel for the past seven months.

Hamas says it does not impose its religious views on others, but only seeks to set a pious example for people to follow.

Radical splinter groups such as Jund Ansar Allah call for a global jihad against the entire Western world while Hamas maintains its struggle is only against the Israeli occupation.

"They are inspired by unbalanced ideologies and in the past they carried out a number of explosions targeting Internet cafes and wedding parties," said Ghussein, adding that the groups do not have any external ties.

The hard-line groups are perhaps the most serious opposition Hamas has faced since it seized control of Gaza and ousted its rivals in the Fatah movement in a five-day, bloody civil war in June 2007.

Hamas security blocked all roads to Rafah and declared the town a closed military zone. They said they have arrested about 40 members of the group so far.

Saeb Erekat, a senior peace negotiator with Israel and a member of the rival Fatah group in the West Bank, described the situation in Gaza as "alarming."

"Gaza is going down the drain in chaos and lawlessness," he told the AP.

Jund Ansar Allah first came to public attention in June after it claimed responsibility for a failed attempt to attack Israel from Gaza on horseback.

In July, three Muslim extremists from the group holed themselves up in a building in southern Gaza, surrendering to Hamas police only after a lengthy standoff.

It is unclear how many adherents Jund Ansar Allah or other similar extremist groups have in Gaza. servlet/Satellite?cid=1249418608949&pagename=JPArticle%2FShowFull





After the bomb dust and mist settled, Hamas “proved” that there was a link between the kooks of al Qaeda and Mohammed Dahlan, the not-so-strong man from Fatah’s Gaza glory days.

Dahlan absented himself when he saw that Hamas was ready to pull off their coup (or perhaps he was warned, who knows?).

Now he is accused of plotting with al-Qaeda against Hamas.

Before you dismiss this as more ranting, we suggest the following:

Dahlan, like most Middle Easterners believes that “the enemy of my enemy is my friend” no doubt. At least as far as they can be used against Hamas.

It is true that using them is a distraction that will keep them from focusing on Fatah.

Conspiracy theory? Sure. It’s what makes this part of the world go round! <grin>


'Hamas proved link between al-Qaeda loyalists, Dahlan'
After violent clashes leave 24 people dead, sources in Gaza say documents reveal radical Islamic group Jund Ansar Allah funded by number of Arab states as well as elements close to senior Fatah figure
Ali Waked

Palestinian sources reported Sunday that the Hamas government in Gaza revealed documents proving that al-Qaeda loyalists who clashed with the Islamist group's security forces over the weekend were backed by a number of Arab countries and by elements associated with senior Fatah member Mohammed Dahlan.

The fighting erupted Friday when Hamas forces surrounded a mosque in the southern Gaza town of Rafah on the Egypt border where about 100 members of Jund Ansar Allah, or the Soldiers of the Companions of God, were holed up. The violence left 24 people dead, including Jund Ansar Allah leader Abdel-Latif Moussa.

Moussa reportedly blew himself up during a shootout Saturday with Hamas security forces.

In a message posted by al-Qaeda's websites, the Islamic Swords of Justice, a group affiliated with the Salafi movement, vowed to avenge the deaths. "We tell our people who witnessed this crime that this is not over, and war is on its way," the message said.

The Palestinian sources said Hamas revealed the documents some two months ago, long before the decision to attack the mosque in Rafah was reached.

According to the documents, the sources claimed, the al-Qaeda loyalists' activity was financed a number of Arab states, as well as by Dahlan's associates.

Dahlan was the head of Fatah's security force in Gaza before Hamas violently took over the coastal enclave in the summer of 2007.

The Palestinian sources added that Hamas' security forces intercepted communiqués sent between the loyalists in which they called for the launching of attacks on Hamas figures and institutions in order to destabilize its regime. The loyalists were behind a number of recent explosions that took place at weddings and Internet cafes in Gaza, they claimed.

Hamas Interior Minister Fathi Hamad said the clashes did not involved "an outlawed group that wanted to carry out terror attacks and deems all those who do not agree with it heretics."

The minister said the al-Qaeda inspired group refused to fight alongside Hamas during Israel's offensive in Gaza in early 2009.

"They said it is a war of heretics against heretics, and held suspicious ties with the security forces in Ramallah," Hamad said.






Terra Incognita: A new type of Islamic militancy

Aug. 17, 2009

The sudden and bloody fighting that broke out at a mosque in the Gaza Strip on Friday is emblematic of a new phenomenon within the Islamist movement. From Gaza to northern Nigeria and Pakistan, and throughout the Islamic world, a new type of militancy has grown, one that involves extremist preachers, their followers begging for martyrdom, and self-destructive battles that result in their deaths, usually at the hands of fellow Muslims.

THE PHENOMENON of extremist religious movements surrounding inspired preachers is surely not new nor confined to Islam. Revivalist Christian sects such as the Branch Davidians and their leader David Koresh clashed with US police in 1993 with tragic results, and in India the Sikh leader Bhindranwale led a militant independence movement that resulted in thousands of deaths. The Ghost Dance which swept up Native American communities in 1890 was led by the Paiute prophet known as Wovoka and resulted in the Wounded Knee massacre where over 300 people died. The practitioners believed their special religious garments would repel bullets. A similar phenomenon occurred in China in 1900 when a religious society known as the Boxers produced a wave of anti-Western militancy led by men who believed their devotion could protect them from bullets. Their movement was destroyed by the intervention of European armies.

A minority branch of the Islamic faith known as the Isma'ilis produced a radical sect known as the Assassins who spent the 11th and 12th centuries harassing and murdering Muslim and Christian leaders in the Middle East before being exterminated by the Mongols in 1256. In Israel's War of Independence in 1948, an extremist Muslim Brotherhood unit wearing supposedly protective garments stormed Jewish Kfar Darom in Gaza resulting in the deaths of most of its members who had travelled from North Africa. (Kfar Darom fell to the Egyptian army soon after.) Indonesia has been stricken by Islamist revival movements since the 19th century, partly sparked by the Krakatoa eruption of 1883 where thousands of people died after a volcano eruption nearly destroyed the island, which today manifest themselves in the groups like Darul Islam and Jemaah Islamiyah.

Islamism it seems is beginning to produce more and more radical fringe movements that, far from being part of a unifying umbrella as al-Qaida intended, are "linked to al-Qaida" but succeed mostly in fighting Muslim governments and destroying themselves as well as civilians located near their mosques. The July 2007 Siege of the Red Mosque in Pakistan was one such example. It was led by brothers Maulana Abdul Aziz and Abdul Rashid Ghazi, sons of a radical preacher named Maulana Qari Abdullah who founded the mosque in 1965. A series of escalating incidents led to an eight-day siege of the mosque in which 11 Pakistani special forces, 84 mosque members and 14 civilians were killed.

On July 31, following days of fighting, Muhammad Yusuf of the Boko Haram sect was killed in northern Nigeria. His sect had launched a series of attacks on police stations, churches and government offices in several northern Nigerian states. More than 200 people died before the army launched an assault on the organization's mosque, capturing Yusuf who later died in custody.

But the most famous example of an extremist Islamist uprising is the siege of Mecca, so well documented in a recent book, The Siege of Mecca, by Yasoslav Trofimov. On November 20, 1979 some 500 armed followers of Juhaiman ibn Muhammad ibn Saif al-Utaibi, a member of a leading Saudi family, layed siege to the Grand Mosque in Mecca. The standoff lasted 14 days during which 250 militants and 130 Saudi national guardsmen were killed. The leader of the group was later beheaded, along with 67 of his followers.

IN THE afternoon hours of August 14, word came out of Gaza of a gun battle between radical Islamists who had proclaimed a caliphate and members of Hamas, which controls the Gaza Strip. Some 100 members of Jund Ansar Allah led by Abdel-Latif Moussa, a radical preacher at the Ibn Taymiyah mosque, were confronted by Hamas security forces that surrounded the mosque and a shootout ensued. Initial reports claim up to 24 people died, including six Hamas police officers and one civilian. The leader of the group reportedly blew himself up.

All of these examples point to a new trend in Islamism. It was once thought that Islamists primarily viewed themselves at war with secular Muslim regimes. That later morphed into al-Qaida, which viewed itself as being at war with the entire non-Muslim world, inspiring such movements across the world.

Now Islamists are turning on each other. The BBC described the situation, in a tongue in cheek manner, as one group "accusing the Islamist group of not being Islamist enough."

The one thing that unites all of these events is disappointment with unfulfilled Islamist government, guns, mosques and preachers who seek to revive an Islamic past, whether the mahdi, as in Saudi Arabia's siege, or the caliphate, as in Gaza. A secondary problem is that it makes pernicious tyrannical governments such as Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Gaza's Hamas seem more benign because they are "fighting terrorism" or "they too are threatened by extremists." In fact their support, or in the case of Nigeria, the appeasement, of Islamism helps breed further radicalism.

The writer is a PhD student in geography at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem and runs the Terra Incognita Journal blog servlet/Satellite?cid=1249418630004&pagename=JPArticle%2FShowFull




You may be young and you may think the world is before you, but let me suggest something to you.

Dip your finger into a cup of water. Now slowly remove your finger. The hole that remains is how much you will be missed a hundred years from now.

Ha! Some of you are no doubt saying, “Man that was cold!” And I do plead guilty.

But the truth remains nonetheless.

Not one of us is irreplaceable. Abraham remains a name in the Scriptures. King David and his battles are seldom considered aside from preachers, sermons and archeologists. The most brilliant king on record, Solomon’s empire shrank from the Euphrates to the Nile, down to a land about the size of Rhode Island.

His temple is history, and even refuted by the totally illogical Arabs.

Ben Gurion is gone. Rabin is a fading light to all but the most stalwart Labor Party members who use his memory for their own profit more than any other reason.

Cynical? Actually I’m not.

In America we are witnessing the dismantling of the Constitution by a man with virtually no sense of history, no real qualification aside from a so-called charming smile and the ability to lie believably, teamed with some of the “lowest citizens” among our elected officials.

Are we at the end of days?

There are lots of folks who preach it, proclaim it politically, and hope it is so.

Personally I don’t know.

But this one thing I do know. Until the end does arrive we should all do out best. Not because our finger will leave a hole in a cup of water, but because, as the preacher in Ecclesiastes said, “Whatsoever the hand findeth to do; do it with thy might.” I used to have an old preacher friend who said he liked to say it, “…do it with ALL thy might.”

Why bother?

There are a number of reasons.

For one, because it forces us to improve ourselves. If we major in mediocrity it is shameful and lessens our own abilities. Like a muscle withers that gets little exercise, so does our mind when we don’t use it to the fullest.

My dear late grandmother used to do the New York Times crossword in ink. At age 97! She was quick witted right up until her death just a few weeks short of age 99!

On the other hand we have seen seniors who do little but sit in front of a television who melt away intellectually. They are not exercising their mind and it departs.

When we have to stretch we are actually fulfilling part of our purpose. Like a rubber band is basically worthless until it is stretched, we need to reach higher to stay sharp.

If all we do is what we are already equipped to do, we are failing.

Let me give you another example. We are currently working on a number of new projects.

I have been at one for over a year. Planning, researching, digging and “tasting” a variety of ideas and opportunities.

I reached out to others for advice. What did they think of the general idea? Did they know anyone who had tried something similar? What about sources of input and counsel?

We covered the United States, Europe and hit a stone wall in one particular area. Nothing seemed to work.

I had been told of one person who might have some input but was warned that he would not cooperate. Finally, I thought, well, let’s try this man anyway. Who knows but what the good Lord may touch his heart.

I contacted him, presented my case, and he responded quickly. Not with agreement, but with more questions. I answered them, and he sent back a suggestion that was indeed brilliant!

Try the one avenue that you don’t think will work!!

As Asa said in his prayer when facing the Ethiopians, the Lord can save by many or by few. Who knows unless you try?


You just did. Make no provision for failure. As Patton counseled, “Take no counsel of your fears,” don’t plan to fail either.

We aren’t talking about “suicide missions” but rather, doing everything possible to prepare and then move ahead as soon as reasonable.

If you don’t make it, instead of crying like a baby, do an evaluation of why it didn’t work. Perhaps you need more counselors; more funding; more or different ways to approach your idea.

Do you homework, bathe it in prayer. Pray like it all depends on God and work like it all depends on you. That is an old statement, but true nonetheless.


Forget who remembers you and who doesn’t!!!

Admiral Hyman Rickover said, “There is nothing impossible if the people involved will forget about who gets the credit!”

Get your ego out of it.

I PERSONALLY AM SICK TO DEATH OF CHURCHES that are split or hurt by people with big egos demanding their way!

We have seen it for decades. Big shots. Big egos. Some are preachers and some are music directors, deacons, assistant pastors – or their wives. Some are rich and some are broke. But all suffer from one liability. They are arrogant. Their way or the highway.

I laugh about the quote attributed to Rodney King, “Can’t we all just get along?” but it really has merit.

What ever happened to “esteeming others” more highly than ourselves?

Get your ego out of this. Succeed or fail, YOU are not the point.

Give the Lord the credit. And if you don’t give up there is no blame, just a learning opportunity. Keep trying until the light breaks through.

If the goal, dream, idea – whatever you want to call it – is from the Lord, then work for His glory and forget yourself in the work at hand.


“Enter ye into the joy of the Lord,” is not just a pretty phrase. It is a marvelous idea. You may be currently suffering the “slings and arrows of outrageous fortune” but don’t let yourself give in to discouragement.

If you have an idea from the Lord, then pursue it. Perhaps it IS bigger than you. So what? Is it bigger than the Lord? Let him “grow” you until you are able to handle it.

Pray, work, stay humble, surrendered and expectant.

THANKS TO ALL OF YOU who are encouragers, not just of us and our work, but in general. May the Lord bless you.

Ernie Moore

Shabbat Shalom

Genesis 12:3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all the families of the earth be blessed.

Psalm 25:22 Redeem Israel, O God, out of all his troubles.

Psalm 60:12 Through God we shall do valiantly: for he it is that shall tread down our enemies.

Psalm 122:6 Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: they shall prosper that love thee.


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